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CENSUS OF WORLD CASTING PRODUCTION


Global Casting Production Growth Stalls


Worldwide casting production grew by less than half a percent for the second year in a row in 2016. A MODERN CASTING STAFF REPORT


I


n 2016, worldwide casting production was 104.4 million metric tons, a near match to 2015’s reported 104.1 million


metric tons, according to this year’s Modern Casting Census of World Casting Production. Casting growth from 2014 to 2015 was 0.4%, and from 2015-2016, it was 0.2%. Tis year’s census includes 36


nations from four continents. Of the 32 countries with data for the last two years, 14 reported an uptick in production. Te information in this census comes from surveys collected from various country’s metalcasting associations and organizations. Te data reflects casting shipments for the year 2016, the latest year in which all data is available. Te world’s top 10 casting produc-


ing nations produced 91.6 million metric tons of the total 104.4 million metric tons.


24 | MODERN CASTING December 2017 Te China Foundry Association


reported a 5.4% increase since 2015, putting its total production at 47.2 million metric tons—45% of total world casting production. Te Insti- tute of Indian Foundrymen reported a 5.4% increase in production in India, to 11.35 million metric tons, gaining space ahead of the U.S., which has seen lower tonnage shipped in 2015


and 2016 compared to 2014 due to flagging production for iron-heavy industries such as agriculture, oil and mining. Te U.S. is expecting growth of 2.8% in tonnage and 4.7% in cast- ing sales in 2018. Te remaining 2016 top 10 casting


nations by tonnage are Japan at 5.2 million, Germany at 5.2 million, Rus- sia at 3.9 million, Republic of Korea at 2.6 million, Mexico at 2.56 million (2015 data), Brazil at 2.1 million, and Italy at 2.1 million. Worldwide, the production of


ferrous castings, including gray iron, ductile iron, malleable iron, and steel, was down by 1%. Considering ferrous casting makes up nearly 80% of total tonnage, the impact of was felt by many nations. However, nonferrous production grew by 5.7%, highlighting the continued trend of using lighter metals in what had been typically fer- rous applications.


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